Choosing the right fuel for your vehicle, or future vehicle
Most vehicles are capable of running on a range of fuels; in most cases you will have the option of selecting a lower emission fuel.
Your choice of fuel may be strongly determined by your particular transport needs - for example, urban, country or off road driving, how many passengers you typically need to transport and how many kilometres you usually do per trip, and per year. Click here to help you specify the best vehicle and fuel for your needs.
Click here for information on the range of fuels available and their applications.
To help you choose a lower emission fuel for your existing vehicle or vehicles, or even for a future vehicle, read the information below and refer to the Fuel Comparison Calculator.
If you have a petrol vehicle or vehicles, consider ethanol blended fuels such as E10 or E85. Most vehicles, except those manufactured before 1986, or with carburettors, are capable of running on E10.
Increasing numbers of vehicles are compatible with high ethanol blends, such as E85. These include the Holden Commodore and Captiva range, and some Chrysler and SAAB models.
You can also convert your petrol vehicle to operate on dual fuel Petrol/LPG and E85 to (in most cases) achieve emissions and/or cost savings.
For information on where to find E10, E85 and LPG, see the SA Biofuel and Electric Recharge (SABER) Fuel Map.
If you have a diesel vehicle, biodiesel may offer an emissions and cost saving outcome. Biodiesel generally comes as B5, B20 or B100 blends; the renewable diesel content can be anywhere between 5 and 100%. Biodiesel fuel can be sourced in South Australia, but it is not currently available at the retail level.
Biodiesel is often suited to fleets of diesel vehicles, including heavy vehicles, where a large storage tank can be located at the base. Our Adelaide Metropolitan bus fleet currently runs on B5 and B20; you can view the case study here.
Information on what biodiesel is and how it can be used in your vehicles is available here.
Electric vehicles are already beginning to establish their presence in Europe and Asia, but are more recent newcomers to Australia and are therefore still very much an 'emerging' technology here.
Electricity has enormous potential worldwide in terms of low cost, low emission transport fuel.
Electricity is by far the cheapest fuel source, and (in most states besides Victoria due to most of their electricity generation being sourced from brown coal), 'greenest' vehicle transport mode available in terms of air toxic and greenhouse gas emissions.
Conveniently, electric vehicles are also able to be recharged from home using a standard 10A or 15A plug or specialised recharge unit; there is no need to visit a petrol station.
There a number of 'free' electric vehicle recharge stations in the Adelaide CBD - find them on the SABER Fuel Map.
Compare the cost of running an electric vehicle with vehicles that operate on other fuels by using the Vehicle Comparison Calculator. In doing so, you will compare Watt Hours per km (Wh/km) with L/100km.
The following lists the rated Wh/km of pure electric vehicles available in Australia:
- Mitsubishi i-MiEV: 110Wh/km
- Nissan Leaf: 173Wh/km
- Holden Volt: 135Wh/km